Susan Pollack

Born Zsuzsanna Biall on 9 September 1930 in Felsögód, Hungary, and held in the Vac ghetto and Monor internment camp. In May 1944, with her mother and brother, she was moved to Auschwitz, in the last transport of Hungarians. "Day after day in a dark, closed wagon, no hygiene, no food or water, people dying". Her mother was gassed on arrival; her brother survived, in the squad moving bodies to the ovens.

Susan was transferred to the Gubben slave labour camp and finally force-marched to Bergen-Belsen. "On liberation, I was virtually a corpse, unable to walk, and would soon have died."

With other young people she was sent to Sweden and then to Canada, where she married fellow-Hungarian Abraham Pollack, a survivor of Mauthausen. They have three daughters and six grandchildren and have lived in London since 1962. Susan has worked as a librarian and lately as a Samaritan volunteer.

She published her story in the book Witness and continues to bear Holocaust testimony. "Because I was there, I speak for those who can’t. The great evil that pervaded so many minds in a civilized country destroyed more than fifty members of my family. It is a lesson for all time: will later generations stand up for the rights of others, or remain the silent majority?

"My hope is for a unified protest against all evil, which diminishes not only the victim, but humanity as a whole."